A RETOUR AUTOPORTRAIT text by Urszula Szulakowska
Gliszczynski's work is concerned with retrieving memory. He explores the origins of his identity in the psychic and social processes by means of which subjectivity is acquired. He does this through a ritualistic means of pictorial construction in which he attempts to reverse the natural progression of time. His signifying system is derived from alchemical hermeneutics, which is a most unusual venture for a Polish artist. Alchemy is a historical discourse which has been explored more frequently by German or French artists, such as Beuys or Klein. In his laboratory the medieval alchemist practiced an art that was intended to illuminate the psyche of both himself and of his society, transmuting their base natures into a divine consciousness.
More specifically, Gliszczynski employs the concept of synergy, derived from the psychologist Carl Jung's interpretation of medieval alchemy as being a proto-psychology. According to Jung, unrelated events occur simultaneously in trajectories parallel to each other, but to the human mind they appear to inter-act, often with very strange results. This process seems to be a magical one, since natural laws of cause and effect are contradicted. The ancient magical practices, such as alchemy derived their knowledge from the intuitive processes of the human psyche. Glyszczynski’s practice could be described as liminal, exploring the border between material and immaterial states of being.
There is some inheritance in his thought from the late nineteenth century Symbolists, especially Edvard Munch for whom life was a fragile membrane, disrupted by the malevolent irruptions of desire, sickness and death. Gliszczynski's early encounter with Munch was fundamental to his formative process as an artist since Munch’s paintings underlined his own realisation of the finality of death; the shock encounter with the void and the dull permanency of loss, grief and suffering. This realisation led Gliszczynski to an existential enquiry into the origins of his own finite nature, such as is reflected in his recent series of self-portraits. These works express a tentative possibility that in art and history, as in dreams, in a meta-space beyond gross physicality, loss may be conquered. The dead can live again. His art-practice is an emblematic process reflecting the human life around him.
The enquiry into the structure of his own identity is extended by Gliszczynski to that of a society and a nation, specifically Poland. Ultimately, he brings the issue round to recent history and his personal involvement in the upheavals and street protests of the stan wojenny during the Jaruzelski era. He alludes to a photograph showing himself being arrested with his friends by the militia, an event that caused an enduring fear of further reprisals. The psychic pressures of the stan wojenny are symbolised in his work by the manner in which he destroys the painted surfaces. He forces an alien text onto the imagery by the pressure of his thumb.
Trauma is a fundamental theme in his work. The self-portraits are a meditation on the traumatised memories of an entire society and their effect on the identity of the contemporary Polish character. Prior to 1939, Polish identity had been constructed on the basis of cultures that had evolved historically two hundred miles further east of the present border. History has demonstrated that there were many different ways of being 'Polish,' whether within the country itself, or in the diaspora beyond. However, who are the Poles now? For example, in Pomorze over the past sixty years a new identity has arisen out of a patch-work of traditional local cultures and those of dispossessed peoples, mostly from the lost and forgotten Kresy.
In Hannah Arendt's study of the effects of Nazism and Stalinism, Gliszczynski has found a resonance to his enquiry into political identity._ These totalitarian regimes had caused permanent fractures in historical continuity, resulting in the disintegration of humane moral codes in the body politic. Arendt perceived that modernity was characterized by, what she termed, the loss of the world, that is, the elimination of individual involvement in the public sphere in favour of retreat to a private world of economic concerns. Politics and action had been replaced by bureaucracy, laborious toil and the manipulation of public opinion. Arendt argued that significant fragments had to be redeemed from the past by means of a selective, critical appropriation. This process could revivify the past and re-establish some degree of continuity with history so that it could serve as the foundation of a positive future political order.
In the context of the creative arts, Gombrowicz had also insisted on the necessity of temporal continuity both with the past and with nature, describing the world as 'form in motion.' In his well-known iconoclastic discourse, he questioned the ability of a painting to convey vital movement.
How is one to express himself in a painting deprived of movement? For existence is movement, it takes place in time. How can I pass myself on, or my existence, operating only with combinations of immobile shapes? Life is movement. If I cannot render movement, I cannot render life._
In response, due to Gliszczynski’s passionate concern to validate the integrity and social necessity of painting as an art-form, he attempts to address Gombrowicz's demand for an art-form that is dynamic and for image-building as a process that constantly evolves in time._ This is achieved by means of his working-method which is fluid, ever changeful, never reaching a final goal. He regards his materials as being an alchemical materia prima (first matter), so that he retains the volatility of his medium, keeping it in a state of flux. Prime matter was believed to holds all forms in potentia.
The seventeenth century English alchemist Robert Fludd had described prime matter as
darknesse, the darke Abysse or potentiall Principle … Plato calleth it Hyle … foreasmuch as it is invisible and without form … _
Gliszczynski regards his current series of self-portrait paintings as being indexically related to his own physical presence. His paintings have become metonyms, not metaphors. Their surfaces are a network of rudimentary vertical and horizontal marks, imprinted with his thumb-nail. He continues to add layer upon layer of colour in a wax base. The resulting effect is that the materials of the work, their formal composition and the subject-matter become integrated into a unity. The form of the network has evolved from the geometrical grids employed in his earlier paintings. In those works, the geometry had been a purely metaphorical, intellectual system. The current network of jagged marks, in contrast, is a visceral response to his meditations upon the loss of personal subjectivity. In these indexical networks the cross line of the horizontal imprint cuts across the vertical one, reducing the authenticity of the original mark. However, its identity can be rebuilt. Nonetheless, in the quest for an authentic 'I,' it is possible to conclude only that an 'I' exists merely in a temporal sense. It is difficult to argue objectively for the existence of an 'essential I.'
In fact, a further dimension has become apparent in the self-portrait series that has arisen out of the initial inquest into the fractured past. Hovering around the painted self-image is an uncanny atmospheric. Freud and Kristeva have defined the phenomenon of the Uncanny as caused by the return of the familiar made strange. In Gliszczynski’s self-imagery the phantom semblance is and is not himself. The actual identity of the form has become indefinite due to the constant process of reworking the image. The form has become objectified and some other phenomenon seems to intervene. The empty field of the face and its dense painterly surface absorb natural light as into a black sun. The lights seem to go out and the viewer sinks into the silhouette of the face. As Gliszczynski paints and repaints, the silhouette of the head grows larger and larger, spreading out beyond the frame of the original canvas. Eventually the portrait transforms into a field-painting. Gliszczynski transmutes his self- portraits from an icon that is centred and enclosed in a border, to that which has no border and which extends indefinitely beyond the token frame.
From being a symbolic image set within the paint, the paint becomes the image. Put another way, the particular has been absorbed into the universal, the individual psyche dissolved into the cosmic prima materia. Gombrowicz's observations on the 'cosmic significance of man for man' could be relevant for comprehending this uncanny quality of the self-portraits. Gombrowicz imagines the effect of seeing another human-being for the first time:
an analogous creature appears in my field of vision, which, while not being me, is
nevertheless the same principle in an alien body. Someone identical but
alien nevertheless. And suddenly I experience, at precisely the same
moment, a wondrous fulfilment and a painful division. Yet one
revelation stands out above all the rest: I have become boundless,
unpredictable to myself, multiple in possibilities through this alien, fresh
but identical outside._
Gliszczynski's artistic labour is deeply obsessive and time-consuming, a ritual act of surrender to the toil of making, consciously acknowledging the emergence of each mark. The artist is in a state of total withdrawal into the web of the microcosmic world of the painting. He regards art-making as being similar to the contemplating of a mandala, a slow, deliberated process, composed of minimal, low-key interventions (typical of the anti-rhetorical nature of much contemporary Polish painting.)
He emulates the laborious arts of the alchemists in their laboratories. As the eighth century alchemist Jabir ibn Hayyan explained:
You must sustain labour, because the work will be long … every natural action hath its determinate measure and time … For this Work three things are necessary, namely, patience, length of time, and aptness of instruments …_
The medieval alchemists imagined that they were emulating God’s creative actions as recounted in the first chapters of the Book of Genesis. Their laboratory was effectively a temple and their benches were an altar on which rites were performed identifiable with those of the catholic mass. This idea of a sacred space in which a commemorative ritual takes place is conceptually related to an ancient philosophical argument the ‘Eternal Return.’ This is an idea encountered both in the philosophy of Nietzsche and Schopenhauer, as well as in the religious anthropology of Mircea Eliade. Originating in ancient Egypt, it was believed that time moved in a cyclical manner and was, thus, of infinite duration. In contrast, the material universe is endowed with a finite amount of matter that changes all the time into a limited number of forms. This process never ended and it had no origin.
Eliade developed the notion of the Eternal Return still further. He considered that all world cultures had divided reality into two discrete realms, those of sacred and of profane space and time. Hence, myths and rituals were not merely memories of sacred events (hierophanies) that had taken place in the past, rather rituals were means for participating in the original events. Hierophanies were manifestations of the sacred order. They provided the world with its moral code. In contrast, the profane spaces of everyday life could only be divided up geometrically according to the laws of reason, but could not offer any guidance as to how life should be lived.
These ideas are loosely paralleled in the meditative, low-key surfaces of Gliszczynski's earlier works, such as Labirynt, 2001, or Lewitacja, 2000 and the related Trzy Przestrzenie, 2001. In such works, the field of the canvas takes a grid-like format. These geometrical structures are stricken across by horizontal and vertical gestural marks, or there are lines engraved into the canvas. In some works, such as Lewitacja and Trzy Przestrzenie, these rational geometries contradict and almost eliminate from view another underlying order, consisting of Gliszczynski's self-portraits, facial, as well as full-figure. Among these self-images there is an almost invisible allusion to Holbein's recumbent figure of the dead Christ. (Dialog series, 1985 and Materia Prima, 1995-96, encaustic on canvas). These works express a similar view to that of Eliade concerning sacred and profane time and space. Gliszczynski's geometries signify a system of reason and logic. They dominate and almost eliminate the ritualised figuration beneath, symbolic of the sacred human quest for self-knowledge. Sometimes these figures are visible only under specific lighting conditions (Lewitacja, 2000).
The grid could be described (in Rosalind Krauss's terms) as the iconic logo of modernism._ It is an anti-historical signifier, since its meaning as a form is that to deny the authenticity of a particular phenomenon. Instead, the form of the grid suggests the process of squaring-up, that is, laying a grid over the original image in order to transmit its form by means of copies. The grid signifies the mechanical processes of reproduction by means of which imagery is commercialised._ Moreover, the grid is also derived from the repetitive and politically-dominating spatial geometry of the academic painting with its controlled viewing-points. Whether in academic classicism, or in modernism, the grid operates so as to produce a hyper-reality replacing that of the real world.
In Gliszczynski’s self-portraits, once the original iconic image has been lost in the process of over-painting, his subsequent intention is to recover some trace of that image. In ancient magical beliefs the power of a thing was believed to lie in its first manifestation, not in its subsequent forms. Through a process that Gliszczynski calls 'leucosis,' he attempts to regain the original image. By covering the field of the painting with white paint, the original form re-appears.
In alchemy 'leucosis' was one of the final stages in the making of the philosopher's stone. After the spirit had been separated from base matter and both had been purified, they were re-united in a procedure that produced a white crystalline liquid. The base matter had been transmuted into the highest possible form, one in which spirit and matter had become one substance, the quintessence. The seventh century alchemist Khalid ibn Yazid explained that
the Spirit will not dwell with the Body, not enter into it … until the Body be made subtle and thin as the Spirit is … then shall it be conjoined with the subtle Spirits … so that both shall become one and the same thing … become like water mixed with water, which no Man can separate._
In actuality, however, Gliszczynski's ideas diverge significantly from those of Eliade who believed that sacred space lay beyond temporal nature. In his spiritual system, humanity was obliged to escape the illusionary order of the everyday world in order to attain spiritual insight. In contrast, Gliszczynski's vision of material reality is conceptually related to tantric systems and processes, specifically in his reference to alchemical ritual and symbolism. Indeed, Gliszczynski is not directly influenced by the historical traditions of Indian Yoga, or Chinese Daoism. Rather, he has intuitively grasped the unificatory ‘spirituality of matter’ underlying the alchemical world-picture.
Gliszczynski's materialist spirituality (or spiritual materialism) like that of Yves Klein, Joseph Beuys and Sigmar Polke, is quite distinctive from that of the earlier modernists influenced by the theosophists and Rudolf Steiner. According to Francois Lyotard, the paintings of Malevich, Kandinsky and Mondrian were abstract signposts indicating an absent Other. They sought to reach beyond their material limits to the Sublime, as in Kant’s association of emptiness of form (the abstract) with that of the Sublime._ In contrast to this rejection of material reality, tantrism identifies the 'prima materia' of the world with divinity itself. The human psychic forces are essentially of the same order as the universal power that has manifested the physical world.
The essence of tantrism is the view that there is no difference between psyche and world, for the world is the psyche materialised and, hence, it is the incarnation of the divine itself. Alchemy attempts to end the conflict between psyche and matter. These opposites were represented in alchemical symbology by the imagery of the sun and moon pair whose offspring was the philosopher's stone. It was the strangest substance on earth; matter spiritualised, the 'quintessence,' an aetherial matter described by Aristotle. These ideas had been expressed in the Emerald Table, a cryptic text of the 2nd century AD that was interpreted in alchemical terms.
That which is above is like that which is below_
This text describes a microcosmic process in which the materials in the alchemical flask are circulated as if they were the human soul rising to heaven and falling back to earth. This circular procedure in the alchemical laboratory was intended to purify the base chemical materials, as well as the psyche of its operator.
For all things are interwoven and separate afresh, and all things are mingled and all things combine … When all things … come to harmony by division and union, without the methods being neglected in any way, the nature is transformed; and it is the nature and the bond of the virtue of the whole world
(Zosimos of Panopolis, ca. 300 AD)_`
Every point on Gliszczynski's canvas constitutes the all, as in William Blake's desire 'to see the world in a grain of sand … and infinity in an hour …' Blake had inherited this vision from the sixteenth century spiritual alchemist Jacob Boehme. This same vision can also be found in Jorge Luis Borges Book of Sand in his alchemised world-picture._
Gliszczynski's work-in-progress Urny was commenced in 1992, first appearing as an installation entitled Residuum. This series is intimately related to the processes of art-making in the studio and constitutes a record of the artistic procedures and events as they gradually evolve in time and space. Initially, Gliszczynski gathered the residues of dried-up paint from his palettes and paint pots and pressed them into tall glass vessels that recall alchemical alembics and stills. More recently, he has eliminated the glass containers and has collected the drops of paint that fall onto the studio floor. He simply compresses the fragments of fresh paint in order to create a free-standing monolith. On occasion, where the paint has lost its elasticity he has placed the fragments of paint and wax into a pan and boiled them down to collect the sediment
the unified trace of what once used to be presence_
The re-appearance of the dregs of the painting process, recycled into a new art-work, is a type of alchemical resurrection. Gliszczynski, thereby, alludes to the retrieval of history into a form of permanent commemoration. The vases are like Egyptian stele, marking the passing of the living from one world to the next.
The urns are just another speck of the fragmentariness which surrounds me.
What is elusive here, too, is the sense of its time. It becomes universal and increasingly more similar to an aftermath of some calamity. _
He refers to its 'colour of destruction and degradation.' The procedure is modelled very closely on that of the alchemists who aimed to reduce the primal substance to its elemental components. It was then possible to imprint a new Form onto prime matter, thereby giving it an entirely new identity.
In the subsequent works in the series Cinisbacillus (2000-2004), Gliszczynski has re-examined the nigredo stage of the alchemical process that he had reviewed in earlier paintings. The nigredo is the dark night, the death of the prime matter prior to its resurrection in perfected form, the black sun, the crow, the shadow self, purgatory. Gliszczynski describes the manner in which he used to collect ashes from friends' houses, carefully recording their origins. These ashes symbolised the disposed culture of everyday life. He takes frequent recourse to the use of ashes, as in his earlier paintings concerning the mythology of red pigmentations, Mitologia Czerwieni (1996), as also in his grey-toned works, Residuum (1998-9)._
Gliszczynski's practice constitutes a genuine type of alchemical text. As John Moffitt has argued in his studies of Duchamp, there are very few artists who employ the alchemical process itself. Many have a vision of their work as being some type of alchemical procedure (Paul Klee, Salvador Dali) but they only refer to the general concept of artistic transmutation. The nearest comparison to Gliszczynski's working method is that of Yves Klein's I. K. B paintings in which the blue pigment is both the subject and the material. Gliszczynski, in fact, has referenced Klein's colouration, as well as the mystical themes that he had explored. There are no stratified levels of material, composition, sign and content, as in a theatrical production. Instead, the surfaces speak as a unified integrity, operating as one seamless surface. (This had also been achieved by Malevich.)
Gliszczynski has long left his modernist mentors behind in his insistence that the art-work does not seek to escape its own boundaries but instead becomes an instrument used to investigate of the painful borders between life and death, memory and forgetting, gain and loss, history and its obscuration. The materials employed are the waste refuse of memory:
I started to collect scraps of my work because they made me realise how fragile everything we do is, how fragmentary and elusive. This is the image of what is left behind us. We cover everything with layers of unnecessary things and, finally, become dust ourselves making another layer (1992)
And yet, this is not a totally bleak situation, since while remaining ‘residuum, scarp, useless refuse,’ the collected dross becomes the 'painterly quintessence,' the soul of the work.
That is a truly alchemical vision.
_ Hannah Arendt, The Origins of Totalitarianism (1951); Ibid, The Human Condition (1958).
_ Wito_l_d_ _G_o_m_b_r_o_w_i_c_z_,_ _D_z_i_e_n_n_i_k_ _(_1_9_8_9_)_:_ _4_9_-_5_0_ _(_E_n_g_._ _V_e_r_s_i_o_n_:_ _G_o_m_b_r_o_w_i_c_z_,_ _D_i_a_r_y_ _V_o_l_u_m_e_ _2_ _(_T_r_a_n_s_._ _L_i_l_l_i_a_n_ _V_a_l_l_e_e_)_._ _E_v_a_n_s_t_o_n_ _(_1_9_8_9_)_._
___ _ _G_o_m_b_r_o_w_i_c_z_ _(_1_9_8_6_)_ _V_I_I_I_:_ _3_4_ _i_n_ _D_z_i_e_B_a_._ _T_o_m_ _I_-_X_V_,_ _K_r_a_k_ó_w_._
___ _ _R_o_b_e_r_t_ _F_l_u_d_d_,_ _ _ _M_o_s_a_i_c_a_l_l_ _P_h_i_l_o_s_o_p_h_y_ _i_n_ _S_t_a_n_t_o_n_ _J_._ _L_i_n_d_e_n_ _(_e_d_._)_,_ _T_h_e_ _A_l_chemy Reader, Cambridge University Press, 2003: 194.
_ Gombrowicz 1988: 20. Eng.version Diary (1988).
_ Jabir ibn Hayyan, Of the Investigation or Search of Perfection in Linden (2003): 81.
_ Rosalind Krauss, The Origins of the Avant-Garde, 1986: 9-12
_ Walter Benjamin, "Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction" (various editions)
_ Khalid ibn Yazid, Secreta Alchymiae in Linden (2003): 74-75
_ Immanuel Kant, Observations on the Feeling of the Beautiful and Sublime, University of California Press, 2003.
_ Hermes Trismegistus, The Emerald Table in Linden (2003): 28
_ Zosimos of Panopolis, Of Virtue in Linden (2003): 52.
_ Jorge Luis Borges, The Book of Sand, London: Penguin, 2001
_ Krzysztof Gliszczynski, Artist's statement, 16.10. 2005
_ Krzysztof Gliszczynski, Artist's statement, Cinisbacillus (nd.)
_ For a complete account of Gliszczynski's work see Dominika Krechowicz (ed.), Krzysztof Gliszczynski, exhibition catalogue Galeria "Kolo", Gdansk; texts by Aneta Szylak, Iwona Zietkiewicz and Krzysztof Gliszczynski (2002)
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Alchemy in Contemporary Art by Urszula Szulakowska, Ashgate 2011
One -man exhibitions
1985 - painting, the Wlot Gallery, Gdańsk;
1986 - ‘’Notes of One Eveninig”, drawings, the Wlot Gallery, Gdańsk;
1986 - ‘’An Attempt of the Reconstruction” - painting, the Brama Gallery, Warsaw;
1988 -’’ Sephirot” - drawings, the Gallery of the Authors Kaja and Soliński, Bydgoszcz;
1989 - painting, the Arche Gallery, Gdańsk;
1990 - ‘’Creatio Continua” - painting, the Arche Gallery, Gdańsk;
1991 - ‘’Creatio Continua’’- painting, the Galerie Kamila Regent Contemporain, Brussels;
- painting, the Pro Arte Sacra Foundation, St. Bartholomew’s Church, Gdańsk;
1993 - painting, the Fos Gallery, Gdańsk;
1994 - painting, the Kameralna BWA Gallery, Słupsk;
- ‘’The Dialogue with the Absent One”, the Promotion Gallery of the National Museum, the Abbot’s Palace, Gdańsk-Oliwa;
1996 - painting, the Arsenał Gallery, BWA Poznań;
- painting, the Koło Gallery, Gdańsk;
1997 - painting, the Trystero Gallery, Szczecin;
2000 - painting, Academy of Fine Arts, Gdańsk;
2001 - painting, the Gallery 261, Academy of Fine Arts , Łódź;
-”Caput Mortuum”, painting & objects, the Otwarta Pracownia Gallery, Kraków;
2002 - painting, the Milano Gallery, Warsaw;
- ‘’Three Spaces”, the Koło Gallery, Gdańsk;
- ‘’Residuum”, painting, objects, the Arsenał Gallery, BWA Poznań;
2003 - ‘’Residuum’’, painting, objects, the National Museum, Abbot’s Palace, Oliwa;
2004 - ‘’Materia Prima’’, painting, the Milano Gallery, Warsaw;
- ‘’Three Spaces”, painting, the Baltic Contemporary Art Gallery, Słupsk;
2006- ‘’Looking at Grey”, painting & Urns, the Promocyjna Gallery, Warsaw;
2007– „A retour Self Portrait”. Urns and Synergic pictures, Laznia Center for Contemporary Art, Gdansk;
painting, the Wozownia Gallery, Toruń;
2008- „A retour Self –Portrait’’. Urns and Synergic pictures. The Arsenal Gallery, Poznań
‘’ Andra Gal & Krzysztof Gliszczynski”, the Paltan Gallery, Budapest, Hungary;
‘’ Fullness. Point and Line to Plane. Synergic pictures, objetcts and video, the Milano Gallery, Warsaw;
- „Remains”- drawings, objects, the Pyramida Center for Contemporary Art, Haifa, Israel
2010 - „Objects, video” - the Gallery Foundation of Atelier , Warsaw, Poland
2011 – De-,Re-, construction of painting, painting, drawing,objects, the State Gallery of Art, Sopot, Poland
1984 - Student’s painting exhibition, opening the Wlot Gallery, Gdańsk;
1985 - Students Drawing Biennial, Katowice;
1986 - International Drawing Exhibition, the Museum of Modern Art, Rijeka (Yugoslavia);
1988 - ‘’The Diploma ‘87’’, Zachęta, Warsaw, - International Drawing Exhibition, Zagreb, (Yugoslavia);
-’’Polish Impressions”, the Municipal Museum, Góttingen, Germany,
- ‘’Vision and Reality’’, Polish Contemporary Art, Munich, (Germany);
1989 - Drawings, the studio Show, the Centre for Contemporary Art, Ujazdowski Castle, Warsaw;
1990 - ‘’Pologne ’90’’, the Municipal Museum, Brussels (Belgium);
-The Artists Gallery, the Kamila Regent Contemporain, Brussels (Belgium);
1991 - ‘’Tendency ‘90” critic and art, symposium & exhibition, the Baltic Art Gallery, Ustka, BWA Słupsk;
- Lineart, Art Fair, Ghent (Belgium);
1992 - the Grantees of Atelierhaus Worpswede, Galerie Alte Rathaus, Worpswede, (Germany);
- Lineart, Art Fair, Ghent (Belgium);
-‘’Between Light and Mystery”, House of Five New Countries, Brussels (Belgium);
1993 - ‘’Inside – Outside”, Technical University in Gdańsk;
-„Bielska Autumn ‘92”, BWA Bielsko-Biała, Szczecin, Wałbrzych, Bydgoszcz;
1994 - ‘’Seven Words of Christ” – painting, installations, the Pro Arte Sacra Foundation, Gdańsk;
-‘’The Bible in the Contemporary Polish Painting”, the National Museum, the Abbots’ Palace, Oliwa; ‘’Dialogues of Forms”, the Arche Gallery, Gdańsk;
1995 - ‘’Bielska Autumn ‘94”, BWA Gallery Bielsko-Biała, Olsztyn, Słupsk;
-‘’Lineart”, Art Fair, Ghent (Belgium);
1996 - ‘’50 years of State Academy of Visual Arts”, Wielka Zbrojownia, Gdańsk;
- ‘’Anex x 5”, Kameralna Gallery, BWA Słupsk;
- XVI Festival of Contemporary Polish Painting, Castle of Pomeranian Princes, Szczecin;
- ‘’33 + 3’’, the National Museum, the Abbots’ Palace, Oliwa;
- ‘’Picture ‘96”, the Stara Kordegarda Gallery, Warszawa;
-„Artist of the Kolo Gallery”, the Koło Gallery, Gdańsk;
1997 - ‘’Picture ‘96”, painting exhibition, the Piast Gallery, Tokyo (Japan);
-‘’Borders of Painting ‘’ - Polish Painting in the 90’s, Centre for Contemporary Art, Ujazdowski Castle, Warsaw;
‘’Warsaw Month of Painting”, Galeria na Mazowieckiej, ZPAP, Warszawa;
‘’Artist of the Koło Gallery’’, the Koło Gallery, Gdańsk;
‘’Pro Baltica ‘97”, the National Gallery, Toruń;
- ‘’ Fünf position im Kontext’’, Städtische Galerie im Buntentor, Bremen (Germany);
1998- ‘’ From Conception to Picture”, the Koło Gallery, Gdańsk;
-‘’Kunst – Wirkt – Raum” , Recklinghausen (Germany);
1999 - ‘’Polish Analitical Abstraction II’’, the Awangarda Gallery, BWA Wrocław;
-‘’Spektrum”, Museum Ostdeutsche Galerie, Regensburg (Germany);
- ‘’The same=not the same’’, the Gasworks Gallery, London,
- ‘’Spektrum”, the exhibition and symposium, the National Museum, Abbot’s Palace, Gdańsk-Oliwa;
-‘’Artists of the Koło Gallery’’, the Prowincjonalna Gallery, Słubice;
- ‘’Painting” , the Bałtycka Galeria Sztuki, BWA Ustka;
- ‘’Bielska Autumn ‘99”, Galeria BWA, Bielsko-Biała;
2000 - ‘’Bielska Autumn ‘99”, the Kameralna Gallery, BGSW Słupsk, the Wieża Ciśnień Gallery Konin, the BWA Gallery Bydgoszcz, the BWA Gallery Zielona Góra;
-‘’12 pictures”, the Koło Gallery, Gdańsk;
-‘’Vier Polnische Jünge Künstler” , Ateleirhaus Friesenstrasse, Bremen (Germany);
- ‘’Forum of Galleries and other places of Art”, Łaźnia Centre for Contemporary Art, Gdańsk,
2001-‘’Three Colors”, the State Gallery of Modern Art, Sopot;
-‘’Polish Contemporary Art”, Alten Havenspeicher, Bremen-Vegesack (Germany);
- ‘’European Perspectives’’, the International Art fair, Innsbruck (Austria);
2002 - ‘’ Inspection of the Scene. Generations. Arts of the Gdańsk Coast, Here and Now’’, Gdańsk;
- ‘’Shanghai in the Eye of World Artist’’, Museum of Art, Shanghai (China);
2003 - ‘’Everyday Spaces”, art from Gdańsk, Städtische Galerie im Buntentor, Bremen (Germany); - ‘’Sztuka beze mnie nie ma sensu”, Gallery Stara Winiarnia, Zielona Góra;
- Sacrum Triennal of Art, ‘’Towards the Civilistaion of Live”, the Municipal Gallery, Częstochowa;
2004 - Sacrum Triennal of Art, ‘’Towards the Civilisation of Live”, the State Gallery of Art, Sopot; the Center of Art EL, Elbląg; the Gallery of Art, Legnica, Wałbrzych;
2005 - ‘’Gdańsk in Wrocław” , artist from the Academy of Fine Arts in Gdańsk, Wrocław, Poland;
-‘’25 years of Solidarność’’, National Museum, Gdańsk;
-‘’60 years of Academy of Fine Arts in Gdańsk”, National Museum in Gdańsk;
-‘’Absolwent’’, the Wyspa Institute of Art, Gdańsk;
2006- “Gdańsk in Poznań”, artist from the Academy of Fine Arts in Gdańsk in the gallery Stary Browar in Poznań;
2007– painting, artist of the gallery, Milano Gallery, Warszawa;
2009 - IV the International Drawing Competition , Wrocław
30X30, 20 yeras of Milano Gallery, Warszawa
Painting is OKEY, Foyer Baltic Oper, Gdańsk
2010 - XXIII Festival of Contemporary Polish Painting, Szczecin
- IV the International of Drawing Competition, the exhibition in the gallery BWA, Wałbrzych
- IV the International of Drawing Competition, the exhibition in the gallery Wozownia in Toruń
„From Gdansk to Istanbul” - Marmara University Cumhuriyet Museum, Sultanahmet, Istambuł, Turcja
2011 – „Symmetry and Asymmetry”, , Łódź, Szczecin, Koszalin, Gallery ASP in Gdańsk
Students and Teachers, the exhibition at the Faculty of Art , Radom
- „New Tendencies in Polish Painting 2”, the Municipal Gallery BWA, Bydgoszcz
2012 - „Around the picture” , the gallery EL, Elbląg
Awards and scholarships.
1988 - Scholarschip of Ministry of Culture and Art
1990 - Scholarschip of Ministry of Culture and Art
1992 - Art Residency at Atelierhaus Worpswede (Grant from the DAAD and the Goverment of Lower Saxony).
1994 - Distinction in the All-Polish Painting Competition “Bielska Jesień”, Bielsko Biała
1996 - The Ziemowit Szuman award of the Mayor of Szczecin - XVI Festival of Polish Contemporary Painting in Szczecin
2000 - Grant from the Pollock- Krasner Foundation Inc., New York, USA
- The 1st Degree Award of the Rector of the Academy of Fine Arts in Gdańsk for outstanding artistic and teaching achievements
2002 - Art Residency at Shanghai “ Shanghai in the Eye of World Artist”, China
- The 2st Degree Award of the Rector of the Academy of Fine Arts in Gdańsk
- Creative Grant from the Civil Marshall of the Pomeranian Province
- Art Grant from the City of Gdańsk.
2005- Artist in residence. Association d’art. Chambre de sejour avec vue...Saignon. France
2007 - Lectures at the Academy of Fine Arts in Milan, Italy
2008 - Artist in Residence, Pyramida Center for Contemporary Art., Hajfa, Izrael
2011 - The 2st Degree Award of the Rector of the Academy of Fine Arts in Gdańsk
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1977-82 Attends the State Grammar School for Visual Arts in Szczecine1982-87 Studies at the Academy of Fine Arts in Gdansk, the graduete studio of Prof. Kazimierz Ostrowski.Since 1987 teaching job at the Academy of Fine Arts in Gdask , now as professor in the studio of painting.In years 1995–2002 co–author of the ‘’Koło” Gallery in Gdańsk.
1992 - Art Residency at Atelierhaus Worpswede , DAAD, Germany1994 - Distinction in the All-Polish Painting Competition Bielska Jesie1996 - The Ziemowit Szuman award - XVI Festival of Polish Contemporary Painting in Szczecin2000 - Grant from the Pollock- Krasner Foundation Inc., New York, USA2001 - Art Residency at Shanghai Shanghai in the Eye of World Artist, China2005 - Art Residency, Association d'art Chambre de sejour...Saignon, France … Read More