Hannibal Marvin Peterson, born in Smithville, Texas, United States, November 11, 1948; later Hannibal Lokumbe, is an American jazz trumpeter and composer.
He attended North Texas State University from 1967 to 1969, then moved to New York in 1970.
His oratorio African Portraits, which was premiered in Carnegie Hall in 1990 by the American Composers Orchestra, has been performed 55 times by major orchestras, with the most notable performance being that by the Chicago Symphony Orchestra. The work traces the African American experience by combining West African music, blues, jazz, and classical music.
In 2009 he won a Fellow Award in Music from United States Artists. As of 2010, Hannibal Lokumbe resides in Bastrop, Texas.